Does your gums get dark or black and you have no idea why it happens? There can be many causes behind the discoloration of your gums, ranging from lifestyle factors to medical conditions. Although healthy gums are usually pink in color, in some people they may be slightly darker due to the presence of melanin, a naturally occurring substance in the body that is usually responsible for the dark color of hair, skin and eyes. You have absolutely no reason to worry if your gums are naturally dark and not exactly pink. However, if the color of the gums changes and black spots appear on your gums, there may be some underlying cause behind it. (Also read: Gum Health Day 2022: Take care of your gums with these simple tips)
Certain lifestyle factors such as smoking can have a negative effect on your oral health and one of them may be dark gums. Dr Surbhi Bhatia L, Chief Dentist, CEO of Lifeberries Health says that when you smoke, it results in a condition called smoker’s melanosis, which is a change in the color of your gums. She says it happens because the nicotine causes melanocytes to produce more melanin, which is higher than usual. Therefore, you may notice a visible change in the color of your gums. It becomes more brown or black and usually they appear in patches or even the entire mouth can be affected.
Here are other causes of dark gums that are explained by Dr. Surbhi.
Not a common disease, Addison’s disease is the disease of the adrenal glands that produce hormones. There is an imbalance in hormone production when you suffer from Addison’s disease. Insufficient hormone production from this gland causes your gums to discolour.
Amalgam tattoo occurs as a dark spot in the mouth. It originates from the particles in a dental procedure that looks like a blue, gray or dark spot. Although not harmful, their presence on your gums, inner cheeks or other parts of the mouth is surprising.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Popularly known as trench mouth, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is gum disease. The common symptoms of this disease are fever, foul-smelling breath and pain in the gums. Dead tissue builds up over the gums also leads to black or gray tissue and wounds can also form on the tooth edges.
HOME APPLICATION FOR DARK GUM
Dark gums can be treated in a simple and easy way. Here are some remedies that Dr. Surbhi has suggested for treating dark gums.
● Green tea
Green tea is known to treat various health risks and your gums will benefit from its health-enhancing properties. Green tea is enriched with a high concentration of health-promoting antioxidants. The natural chemicals found in green tea fight against the countless categories of toxic bacteria including those that make your gums black.
● Eucalyptus oil
The innate antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of eucalyptus oil have made it an effective remedy for various ailments. A small drop of this miraculous oil is required to get rid of dirt from your teeth. It kills the toxic bacteria present in your mouth and soothes any inflammation along the gum line.
● Sage leaves
Sage leaf, an herbal remedy can give you pink, healthy gums. This is a simple and effective method, and the best part is that it can be applied directly to the teeth and gums. You can also drink it as tea or juice to get the benefits of this beautiful plant.
Clove has the three most important properties to combat all your oral worries. It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory antiseptic properties that help facilitate repair and regrowth of bad gum tissue. It quickly removes all dark spots and gives you a beautiful, pink gum.
● Sesame oil
Sesame oil is another ingredient to be used for dark gums. Its toxin removal properties help prevent plaque and tartar buildup and loosen what is already on your gums and teeth.
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